Although this strategy is similar to abutterfly spread, it uses both calls and puts . Along straddleoptions strategy occurs when an investor simultaneously purchases a call and put option on the same underlying asset with the same strike price and expiration date. This type ofvertical spreadstrategy is often used when an investor is bullish on the underlying asset and expects a moderate rise in the price of the asset. Using this strategy, the investor is able to limit their upside on the trade while also reducing the net premium spent . In abull call spreadstrategy, an investor simultaneously buys calls at a specificstrike pricewhile also selling the same number of calls at a higher strike price. Both call options will have the same expiration date and underlying asset.

The risk in doing this is if Amazon were to fall below $400 before 2018, you could lose your entire investment. Using options as stock replacement certainly has its perks, but at the cost of more risk. This is a hedged trade, in which the trader expects the stock to rise but wants “insurance” in the event that the stock falls.

  • Starting something new can be difficult, and so are trading options.
  • Intra-day trading is not for the part timer as it takes time, focus, dedication and a specific mindset.
  • This compensation may impact how and where products appear on this site, including, for example, the order in which they may appear within the listing categories.
  • Watch this video to learn more about buying OTM call options.

Long Straddle Strategy – implies buying both a call option and a put option at the same time. Both options should have the same strike price and expiration date. Covered Call Strategy or buy-write Strategy – implies buying stocks outright.

Time To Expiry

The RSI indicator is a momentum indicator which makes it the perfect candidate for options trading. This is because of its ability to detect overbought and option trading strategies oversold conditions in the market. Let’s say the asset is selling for $110, a contract giving you the right to buy at $100 will have an intrinsic value.

option trading strategies for beginners

Straddles can offer relatively low-cost access to substantial profits with little downside risk, which is merely that the price change is not significant enough to cover the cost of both premiums. Option traders use the straddle options strategy when they are unsure about the direction of an upcoming price change, but are confident in the intensity of the price change. However, situations where you can make bets like this with confidence will come few and far between. The collar, or otherwise known as a hedge wrapper, can be used to protect against substantial losses. You can create a collar position by buying an out-of-the-money put option while writing an out-of-the-money call option at the same time. So if the stock increases in price you have enough to cover the premium you initially bought the put for, at least.

So, let’s discuss what the key difference is between these two strategies. A straddle is very similar to a strangle, in that an investor Forex platform will buy a call option and a put option at the same time. But both options should have the same strike price AND expiration date.


The classical butterfly spread involves buying one call option at the lowest strike price. At the same time, sell two call options at a higher strike price. And then sell one last call option at an even higher strike price. Straddles and strangles are two strategies that allow a trader to benefit whether a stock moves up or down.

option trading strategies for beginners

You may branch out to the other more complex trading systems but I can assure you these four mentioned here will always be your backbone trading systems. The other group of investors is those who have excess cash which they don’t want to tie up in a stock but which they would like to put to work generating some income. By selling puts against their cash deposits they receive cash from the sale of puts in a very similar fashion to receiving dividends. This feature of providing potentially immense profits versus very limited and defined losses is what makes the buying of calls so popular with the investing public. There are additional costs associated with option strategies that call for multiple purchases and sales of options, such as spreads, straddles, and collars, as compared with a single option trade. The first step before executing an options trade is to learn what options are and how they can fit into your overall investing strategy.

As a final thought, it is admittedly very easy to lose money in options if you don’t know what you’re doing. Or, maybe sell a far out-of-the-money covered call on one of your current holdings. It won’t generate a ton of income, but the point is to learn. ExxonMobil could have an excellent fourth quarter and be above $90 at expiration.

Options Trading Strategies: A Guide For Beginners

We provide content for over 100,000+ active followers and over 2,500+ members. Our mission is to address the lack of good information for market traders and to simplify trading education by giving readers a detailed plan with step-by-step rules to follow. Long Strangle Strategy – implies buying both an out-of-the-money call option and a put option at the same time. They have the same expiration date but they have different strike prices. The put strike price will typically be below the call strike price.

Instead, swing traders look to make money from both the up and down movements that occur in a shorter time frame. If the trend is upwards, with prices making a succession of higher highs, then traders would take a long position and buy the asset. If the trend is downwards, with prices making a succession of lower lows, then traders would take a short position by selling. However, if the option at expiry date is in the money , it will definitely be exercised.

What Is An Option?

So at this point, our trade is running and in profit, but we still need to define when to exercise our call option and take profit. We want to make sure that once we have identified the bullish price action the momentum behind the move is confirmed by the Futures exchange RSI indicator. We’re not concerned with overbought and oversold conditions because the market can stay in these conditions longer than you can stay solvent. As we have established earlier, we only want to trade in the direction where the smart money is.

Option Strategy Profit

Then you can deliver the stock to the option holder at the higher strike price. For example, to trade a 10-lot, your acceptable liquidity should be 10 x 40, or an open interest of at least 400 contracts. Open interest represents the number of outstanding options contracts of a strike price and expiration date that have been bought or sold to open a position.

Long Call And Put Options ️

The Nasdaq, CBOE, and ICE are all seeing a volume increase of around 50% in comparison to this time last year. This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk.

Depending on the circumstances, investors can easily lock in profits or losses by buying or selling a contract that opposes their initial action. Put options, on the other hand, are where buyers purchase the right to sell the underlying asset at a predetermined price in the future. Plotting and reviewing payoff profiles for any options strategies you’re considering entering into also generally makes sense. This allows you to assess the upside and downside potential of an options trade and lets you know when you might need to anticipate or take evasive action after a market shift.

A bull vertical spread requires the simultaneous purchase and sale of options with different strike prices, but of the same class and expiration date. However, this example implies the trader does not expect BP to move above $46 or significantly below $44 over the next month. Traders can construct option strategies ranging from buying or selling a single option to very complex ones that involve multiple simultaneous option positions. This makes it not only an excellent opportunity for newbies to learn about options, but also an excellent way to delve more in-depth on how to trade these options. If we were to highlight one strategy as the most profitable, we would argue that it is that of selling puts. This strategy is a bit limited because it works best in a rising market.

Author: John Schmidt